Bottle

Object Details

Title:

Bottle

Artist/Maker(s):

Willem Jacobsz van Heemskerk (Dutch, 1613 - 1692)

Culture:

Netherlandish

Place(s):

Netherlands (Place created)

Date:

1675 - 1685

Medium:

Dark green glass with diamond point-engraving; modern silver-gilt mounts

Dimensions:

23 cm (9 1/16 in.)

See more

See less

The words Pan e vin e va cantando(Bread and wine and merriment) float around the body of this bottle in fluid script, elaborately engraved with supple and complex flourishes. On the underside of the vessel, another inscription adds: kan't Brood en [...] Wijn niet doen? Wat Zouts kan't Mael vergoên (If bread and wine fail to do so, a little pinch of salt can save a meal).

In the mid-1600s, calligraphic engraving, such as the lettering around this vessel, was mainly the hobby of wealthy amateurs in the northern Netherlands. Both men and women enjoyed practicing their calligraphic skills by decorating bottles, plates, beakers, and other glass vessels with elaborate lettering. One of the most accomplished of these was Willem Jacobszoon van Heemskerk, who engraved and signed this bottle on its base. Heemskerk was an able engraver and an inspired designer who covered the surface of his glass vessels with pithy adages in delicate script. He built up the elegantly spaced characters and abundant scrolls from parallel scratches made with a diamond point.

Bibliography

Saldern, Axel von, ed. Meisterwerke der Glaskunst aus internationalem Privatbesit, exh. cat. (Düsseldorf: Städtische Kunsthalle, 1968), pp. 46-47, no. 117.

"Recent Important Acquisitions Made by Public and Private Collections in the United States and Abroad." Journal of Glass Studies 10 (1968), p. 186, no. 35 (acquired by Fritz Biemann).

Biemann, Fritz. "Die holländischen Glaser des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts der Sammlung Fritz Biemann, Zurich." Alte und moderne Kunst 12, no. 101 (1968), pp. 13-18.

Munsey, C. The Illustrated Guide to Collecting Bottles (New York, 1970), p. 16.

Klesse, Brigitte, and Axel von Saldern. 500 Jahre Glaskunst: Sammlung Biemann (Zurich, 1978), no. 75.

Rütti, B., et al. 3000 Jahre Glaskunst con der Antik bis zum Jugendstil, exh. cat. (Lucerne: Kunstmuseum, 1981), p. 166, no. 708.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), p. 252, no. 226.

"Recent Important Acquisitions Made by Public and Private Collections in the United States and Abroad." Journal of Glass Studies 28 (1986), p. 108, fig. 35.

Smit, F.G.A.M. Inscriptions in Calligraphy on Glass: Uniquely Dutch Seventeenth-Century Calligraphy on Glass. A Preliminary Catalogue (Peterborough, England: published privately, 1989), p. 102, no. P4.

Hess, Catherine, and Timothy Husband. European Glass in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 240-43, no. 67.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 242-43, no. 502.