Stammheim Missal

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Object Details

Title:

Stammheim Missal

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

German

Place(s):

Hildesheim, Germany (Place created)

Date:

probably 1170s

Medium:

Tempera colors, gold leaf, silver leaf, and ink on parchment bound between wood boards covered with alum tawed pigskin

Dimensions:

Leaf: 28.2 x 18.9 cm (11 1/8 x 7 7/16 in.)

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Containing the prayers said by the priest and the chants sung by the choir at Mass, the Stammheim Missal was produced in Lower Saxony around 1170 at Saint Michael's Abbey at Hildesheim, one of the most celebrated abbeys in medieval Germany. Bishop Bernward, who founded the monastery in 996 and had the abbey church built, was a great supporter of the arts, commissioning important projects that show an awareness of classical Roman art and establishing an artistic tradition at the abbey that was sustained through the 1000s and 1100s.

The missal is profusely illuminated with decorated initials and miniatures of a rare theological complexity. These images present an extensive program of typology, wherein Old Testament subjects are understood as foreshadowing events that occur in the New Testament.

Painted in a Romanesque style characterized by symmetrical compositions offset by alternating color schemes and patterns, the illuminations are dynamic, vibrant, and majestic.

Related Works
Exhibitions
Kunsthistorische Ausstellung (1902) (no. 2837; fols. unknown)
  • Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, 1902
Kunsthistorische Ausstellung (1904) (no. 545; fols. unknown)
  • Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, 1904
Weltkunst aus Privatbesitz (May 18 to August 4, 1968) (no. D 54; fols. 151v-152)
  • Kunsthalle Köln, (Cologne), May 18 to August 4, 1968
Die Zeit der Staufer: Geschichte - Kunst - Kultur (March 26 to June 5, 1977) (no. 758; fols. 10v-11)
  • Altes Schloss und Kunstgebäude, (Stuttgart), March 26 to June 5, 1977
Masterpieces of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscript illumination (December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998) (fols. 85v - 86)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to March 22, 1998
The Stammheim Missal (July 21 to October 18 1998) (fol. 115v - 116)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), July 21 to October 18, 1998
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraits in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (February 2 to April 18, 1999) (fols. 155v - 156)
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The Queen of the Angels (August 15 to November 5, 2000) (fols. 145v - 146)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 15 to November 5, 2000
Ritual Splendor: Illuminated Liturgical Manuscripts (February 20 to May 6, 2001) (fols. 91v - 92)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 20 to May 6, 2001
Illuminating Color (May 22 to August 26, 2001) (fols. 115v - 116)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 22 to August 26, 2001
Songs of Praise: Illuminated Choir Books (July 23 to October 13, 2002) (fols. 57v - 58)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), July 23 to October 13, 2002
Transforming Tradition: Ancient Motifs in Medieval Manuscripts (September 23 to November 30, 2003) (fols. 6v - 7)
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Seeking Illumination: Monastic Manuscripts, 800 - 1200 (March 23 to June 13, 2004) (fols. 155v - 156)
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The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006) (fols. 155v - 156)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006
Medieval Beasts (May 1 to July 29, 2007) (fols. 151v - 152)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 1 to July 29, 2007
Music for the Masses: Illuminated Choir Books (August 14 to October 28, 2007) (fols. 57v - 58)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), August 14 to October 28, 2007
Rare Finds: Ten Years of Collecting Manuscripts (February 12 to April 20, 2008) (fols. 10v - 11)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 12 to April 20, 2008
German and Central European Manuscript Illumination (February 24 to May 24, 2009) (fols. 151v - 152)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), February 24 to May 24, 2009
For heavenly reward and earthly wisdom - medieval manuscript treasures from Hildesheim (September 5, 2010 to January 31, 2011) (fols. 152v - 153)
  • Herzog August Bibliothek, (Wolfenbüttel), September 5, 2010 to January 31, 2011
"In the Beginning was the Word": Medieval Gospel Illumination (August 30 to November 27, 2011) (fols. 85v - 86)
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