Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Kylix

Artist/Maker:

Signed by Douris (Greek (Attic), active 500 - 460 B.C.)
Signed by Kleophrades (Greek (Attic), active about 490 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place:

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

490–470 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Object Number:

83.AE.217

Dimensions:

36 × 32.3 × 24.1 × 13 cm (14 3/16 × 12 11/16 × 9 1/2 × 5 1/8 in.)

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On the interior of this fragment of a large Athenian red-figure cup, a youth sits despondently. Wrapped in his cloak, he rests his downcast head in his hand. An older, bearded man stands before him, leaning on a staff. Although neither figure is named, the composition is close to other scenes that show the mission of Odysseus to Achilles' tent, an episode described in Homer’s Iliad. Achilles took deep offense when Briseis, his concubine, was taken by Agamemnon, and so withdrew from the battlefield and sulked in his tent. During his absence, the Greeks fared badly in battle, and so their leaders sent a delegation to convince Achilles to return. Even the wily Odysseus, however, proved unable. Only the death of his dearest companion Patroklos would motivate Achilles to rejoin the fighting.

The outside of the cup shows a mythological scene—Herakles competing with the sons of Eurytos in an archery contest—and, on the other, what appears to be a group of seated and standing figures watching a pair of athletes boxing or wrestling.

Running around the foot of this cup is the inscription: “Kleophrades, son of Amasis, made [it]”. Not only does the potter Kleophrades tell us that he made the vase, but he names his father, Amasis, who was also a potter. Evidently the craft had passed down through the family. To decorate the cup, Kleophrades passed the vessel to Douris, who signed his name on the tondo.

Provenance
- 1983

Jerome M. Eisenberg (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Bibliography

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), p. 245, no. 69.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. The Amasis Painter and his World. Vase-Painting in Sixth-Century B.C. Athens. Exh. Cat., Metropolitan Museum of Art, September 13-October 27, 1985; Toledo Museum of Art, November 24, 1985-January 5, 1986; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, February 20-April 6, 1986. Malibu, London and New York: The J. Paul Getty Museum, and Thames and Hudson, 1985, Appendix 2.2, pp. 230-31.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 49.

Lissarrague, François. L'Autre guerrier: archers, peltastes, cavaliers dans l'imagerie attique. Images à l'Appui, vol. 3. (Paris: La Découverte, 1990), A3635bis.

Elston, Maya. "Ancient Repairs of Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 18 (1990), pp. 53-68, fig. 9.

Immerwahr, Henry. Attic Script: A Survey. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), p. 72, n. 43, no. 413a.

Buitron-Oliver, Diana. "A Cup for a Hero," Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum, 5. Occasional Papers on Antiquities, 7 (1991), pp. 65-74.

Touchefeu-Meynier, Odette. "Odysseus." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VI (1992), pp. 943-970, p. 251.

Williams, Dyfri. "Ops I," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VII (1994), pp. 58-59, p. 59.

Buitron-Oliver, Diana. Douris: A Master-Painter of Athenian Red-Figure Vases. Kerameus 9. Mainz: P. von Zabern, 1995, pp. 16-17, 43, 48, 60, 75, cat. no. 38; pl. 24.

Rudolph, Wolf. "Malibu, J. Paul Getty Museum." In Der Neue Pauly: Enzyklopadie der Antike. Rezeptions- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Vol. 15, part 1 La-Ot (Stuttgart; Weimar: J. B. Metzler, 2001), p. 288, fig. 3.

Paleothodoros, Dimitri. Epictetos, Collection D'Etudes Classiques. (Louvain, Namur, Paris and Dudley, MA: Editions Peeters/Societe Des Etudes Classiques, 2004), vol.18, p. 74.

Arvanitaki, Anna. Hero and the Polis: The Example of Herakles in the Archaic Iconography of Corinth (Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 2006), p. 185, n. 41.

Tsingarida, Athena. "Vases for Heroes and Gods: Early Red-Figure Parade Cups and Large-Scale Phiale." In Shapes and Uses of Greek Vases. Athena Tsingarida, ed. (Bruxelles: CReA-Patrimoine, 2009), 185-201, cat. no. 20, p. 189, 193.

Langridge- Noti, Elizabeth "Sourcing Stories: the Embassy to Achilles on Attic Pottery." In Athenian Potters and Painters, vol. 2. John H. Oakley and Olga Palagia, eds. (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2009) 125-133, p. 129, fig.7.

Franceschini, Mariachiara. Attische Mantelfiguren: Relevanz eines standardisierten Motivs der rotfigurigen Vasenmalerei. Zürcher Archäologische Forschungen 5. (Rahden/Westf.: VML Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH, 2018), pl. 11.f.