The J. Paul Getty Museum

Border with the Sacrifice of Isaac

Object Details


Border with the Sacrifice of Isaac


Simon Bening (Flemish, about 1483 - 1561)




Bruges, Belgium (Place Created)


about 1525 - 1530


Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment

Object Number:

Ms. Ludwig IX 19 (83.ML.115), fol. 191


Leaf: 16.8 × 11.4 cm (6 5/8 × 4 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

The emotional power of the Crucifixion on the opposite page complements the dramatic tone of the meditational text on this page. A rubric in red ink introduces the contents of the reading: Von der blossen kreützigu[n]g und hoher auffhenckung an das Creutz des herren Iesu (Of the stark Crucifixion and the hanging of Lord Jesus high on the cross). The fact that the prayer book is written in German rather than Latin reflects the increasing acceptance of the vernacular as an appropriate language for texts, both literary and sacred.

Simon Bening surrounded the text with an illusionistic frame, as if the words were painted on a tangible wooden panel. The words on a small hanging sign to the right identify the biblical passage (Genesis 22) that tells the story of the Sacrifice of Isaac, the scene shown in the border below. The Old Testament story of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice Isaac, his only son, at the Lord's command was understood as a prefiguration of God's sacrifice of his only son, seen in the Crucifixion on the opposite page. Bening set the scene within a deep, continuous landscape that is only visible in the border, as if the text panel were blocking the observer's view.

The Crucifixion in Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts (January 30 to April 7, 1996)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 30 to April 7, 1996