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Border with Athaliah Ordering the Massacre of the King's Children
Simon Bening (Flemish, about 1483 - 1561)
Bruges, Belgium (Place Created)
about 1525 - 1530
Tempera colors, gold paint, and gold leaf on parchment
Ms. Ludwig IX 19 (83.ML.115), fol. 51
Leaf: 16.8 × 11.4 cm (6 5/8 × 4 1/2 in.)
To the right, Athaliah, mother of the recently deceased King of Judah, impassively watches soldiers slaughtering her sons' offspring so that she can become queen. The eventual restoration of the rightful ruler--a grandson who had escaped--brought an abrupt end to Athaliah's reign and her life. Medieval Christians often saw such