Shipping in a Calm at Flushing with a States General Yacht Firing a Salute

Object Details

Title:

Shipping in a Calm at Flushing with a States General Yacht Firing a Salute

Artist/Maker(s):

Jan van de Cappelle (Dutch, 1626 - 1679)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

1649

Medium:

Oil on oak panel

Dimensions:

69.9 x 92.1 cm (27 1/2 x 36 1/4 in.)

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In the busy port of Vlissingen (Flushing) used by the Dutch East India Company in the 1600s, grand ships glide through placid waters. The cannon on a large yacht fires a salute announcing the arrival of a dignitary, who is carried ashore by the launch to the right. By the mid-1600s, the Dutch Republic had reached the height of its power as a global trading empire, and its domination of the seas found expression in the genre of marine painting. In 1649 Jan van de Cappelle introduced the "parade" picture, in which grand ships convene for a special occasion under dramatic cloudy skies.

In this parade picture, Van de Cappelle included many details, such as the ship's rigging, sails, and decorations and dolphins swimming through the calm water. He also mastered the atmospheric and optical effects seen in the treatment of reflections in the water and in the contrast between the lighter clouds that form at the horizon and the darker ones gathering high above the foreground.

Provenance
- 1823

William Waldegrave, first baron Radstock, 1753 - 1825 (London, England) [sold, Radstock sale, Phillips, London, April 19, 1823, lot 44, through Bernard Pinney (London, England) to Abraham Robarts.]

1823 -

Abraham Robarts, by inheritance within the Robarts family.

Robarts Family, by inheritance to John Robarts.

by 1966

John Robarts (London, England), by inheritance to D. J. Robarts.

D. J. Robarts, held in trust by the Trustees of the Marriage Settlement of D. J. Robarts.

- 1991

Trustees of the Marriage Settlement of D. J. Robarts [sold, Christie's, London, December 13, 1991, lot 16.]

- 1996

Citibank (Switzerland) (Zürich, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996.

Exhibitions
Dutch Art (January 4 to March 9, 1929) (Cat. 262)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 4 to March 9, 1929
Le paysage hollandais au XVIIe siècle (November 25, 1950 to February 18, 1951) (Cat. 13)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie, (Paris), November 25, 1950 to February 18, 1951
El siglo de oro del paisaje holandés / The Golden Age of Dutch Landscape Painting (October 10, 1994 to February 12, 1995) (Cat. 15)
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation, (Madrid), October 10, 1994 to February 12, 1995
Bibliography

Phillips, London. A Truly Valuable Collection of Pictures of the Highest Class of Art. A Catalogue of the Choice and Highly Estimable Collection of Pictures [...] The Sole Property of Lord Radstock [...]. April 19, 1823, lot 44.

Waagen, Gustav Friedrich. Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain: Being an Account of More than Forty Collections of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures, Mss. Visited in 1854 and 1856, and Now for the First Time Described (London: John Murray, 1857), p. 162.

Gibson, William. "Mr. John Robarts' Collection of Pictures." Apollo 8, no. 45 (September 1928), p. 118, ill. facing p. 134.

Dutch Art: An Illustrated Souvenir of the Exhibition of Dutch Art at Burlington House, London (London: The Anglo-Batavian Society, with Country Life Ltd., 1929), p. 19, fig. 15.

Commemorative Catalogue of the Exhibition of Dutch Art Held in the Galleries of the Royal Academy, Burlington House, London, January-March 1929 (London: Humphrey Milford, with Oxford University Press, 1930), p. 25, no. 262, pl. X.

Le paysage hollandais au XVIIe siècle, exh. cat. (Paris: Orangerie des Tuileries, with Les presses artistiques, 1950), p. 21, no. 13, entry by J. Bruyn.

Bernt, Walther. The Netherlandish Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 3 vols. P. S. Falla, trans. (London: Phaidon, 1970), vol. 1, pl. 223.

Le siècle de Rembrandt: Tableaux hollandais des collections publiques françaises, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée du Petit Palais, 1970), pp. 234-35, under no. 226, entry by Jean-Hubert Martin.

Russell, Margarita. Jan van de Cappelle, 1624/6-1679 (Leigh-On-Sea, UK: F. Lewis, 1975), pp. 17, 19-23, 25-26, 30, 32, 36-38, 58n8 (under Chapter 2), 59n4 (under Chapter 3), 68, no. 50, ill. facing p. 112 (signature), figs. 1, 1a (detail).

Robinson, M. S. Review of Jan van de Cappelle, 1624/6-1679, by Margarita Russell. The Burlington Magazine 118, no. 884 (November 1976), p. 779.

Walsh, John, and Cynthia P. Schneider. A Mirror of Nature: Dutch Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Edward William Carter (Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1981), p. 31n1, under no. 7.

Keyes, George S., et al. Mirror of Empire: Dutch Marine Art of the Seventeenth Century (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, with Cambridge University Press, 1990), p. 110n2, under no. 12.

Russell, M. A. "Aelbert Cuyp, The Maas at Dordrecht: The Great Assembly of the Dutch Armed Forces, June-July 1646." Dutch Crossing 40 (Spring 1990), pp. 39-40, 45n33, 75, fig. 19.

Christie's, London. Important and Fine Old Master Pictures. December 13, 1991, pp. 32-33, lot 16, ill.

Melikian, Souren. "A Tale of Two Collectors." Art & Auction 14, no. 8 (March 1992), p. 78, ill.

Sutton, Peter C., and John Loughman. The Golden Age of Dutch Landscape Painting, exh. cat. (Madrid: Fundación Colección Thyssen-Bornemisza, 1994), pp. 38, 92-93, no. 15, ill.

Sutton, Peter C., and John Loughman. El siglo de oro del paisaje holandés, exh. cat. José Luis Checa, trans. (Madrid: Fundación Colección Thyssen-Bornemisza, 1994), pp. 38, 92-93, no. 15, ill.

Giltaij, Jeroen, and Jan Kelch. Praise of Ships and the Sea: The Dutch Marine Painters of the 17th Century, exh. cat. (Rotterdam: Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, 1996), pp. 196, 198-99, under no. 37, fig. 1; p. 298, under no. 65.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 20, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 122, ill.

Christie's, London. Important Old Master & British Pictures. December 6, 2007, p. 154, under lot 60, fig. 1.

Christie's, London. Old Master & British Paintings. Evening Sale. December 6, 2011, p. 31, fig. 3.

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