Horse and Rider

Object Details

Title:

Horse and Rider

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Greek (Boeotian)

Date:

about 550 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

12.7 cm (5 in.)

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Thousands of clay figurines like this one survive from the Archaic period, which lasted from 600 to 480 B.C. Clay was a common, inexpensive, and easily worked material, and these figurines--some highly finished and others very crude--must have appealed to a broad range of people.

The rider wears a dotted black chiton, or short tunic. He also wears a wreath in his longish, curly hair. The artisan gave this horseman only a schematic face, with nose and eyes but no mouth. He then decorated the figurine with a clay slip before firing it. After 550 B.C., artisans painted the figurines after firing.

Terracotta figurines were produced throughout Greece, but they were especially popular in certain areas like Boeotia, where this one was made. Horses, with or without riders, were favorite subjects for Boeotian artisans. The figurines were frequently left as burial offerings in graves. Horses were a sign of wealth for the Greeks of this period, and the terracotta horses were probably left to symbolize and to reinforce the high status of the deceased.

Exhibitions
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography

Higgins, Reynold. "A Boeotian Horseman," The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), pp. 93-94. figs. 1a-d.

Ostergaard, Jan Stubbe. Terracotta horses and Horsemen of Archaic Boeotia. Acta Hyperborea 3 p. 116, ill. fig. 5.