Head of Minerva

Object Details


Head of Minerva






Asia Minor (Place created)


1 - 50 A.D.




32.5 × 27 × 29 cm (12 13/16 × 10 5/8 × 11 7/16 in.)

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A helmet often identifies Athena, the Greek warrior goddess, and this helmeted head is all that remains of an over life-size statue of the goddess. Here, she wears a type of Athenian helmet with a low crest and a decorative frontlet that ends in volutes above the ears. As for the original appearance of the statue, the remains of the neck indicate that Athena's body twisted to her left, in relation to the body.

Today, much of the helmet's crest is broken off and Athena's nose is missing, but the head had already been damaged and repaired in antiquity. The front edge of the helmet was re-cut and a series of small holes drilled into the hairline, in order to add now-missing newly carved marble to replace the damaged areas. Iron dowels left in some holes suggest that this repair was made in late Hellenistic or Roman times.

- 1982

Stanley Moss (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1982.


Barov, Zdravko. "Conservation Procedure and Technical Notes." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 11 (1983). pp. 109-110.

Houghton, Arthur. "A Pergamene Head of Athena." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 11 (1983), pp. 99-108, figs. 1-9.

Mattusch, C. "Field Notes", Archaeological News, vol. 12, 3/4, 1983, p. 61.

Frel, Jiří. "Caesar." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal, 5 (1977). pp. 55-62, Incorrectly cited as 79.AA.138; p. 85, no. 29.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 35.

Houghton, Arthur. "A Colossal Head in Antakya and the Portraits of Seleucus I." Antike Kunst 29 (1986), p. 53, n. 3.

Altripp, Ina E. "Zu den Athenatypen Rospigliosi und Vescovali. Die Geschichte einer Verwechslung." Archaeologischer Anzeiger (1996), 1: 83-94, pp. 82-94, n. 15 cited without accession number.