Attic Red-Figure Psykter

Object Details


Attic Red-Figure Psykter


Attributed to Smikros


Greek (Attic)


Athens, Greece (Place created)


about 510 B.C.




33 × 25.5 cm (13 × 10 1/16 in.)

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Youths in the gymnasium. One figure scrapes his body with a strigil (named Ambrosios). To the right, a youth folding a mantle (Euythdikos). Four pairs of courting couples (clockwise): youth holding hand to his head (Melas), leaning on staff, looking at boy who walks to right, holding a lyre and looking back (Andrias); youth leaning on staff reaching for chin of boy (the relationship of the inscriptions Leagros kalos and Euphronios to these figures is debated); youth embracing boy, fondling genitals and about to kiss (both un-named); youth leaning on staff (Hegerthos kalos), gesturing towards boy wearing a purple mantle (Andriskos).

by 1972 - 1982

Nicolas Koutoulakis, 1910 - 1996 (Geneva, Switzerland), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1982.

Mostro sul ceramografo Euphronios (May 1 to October 1, 1990)
  • Museo Archeologico Nazionale Mecenate (Arezzo), May 1 to July 1, 1990
  • Musée du Louvre (Paris), August 1 to October 1, 1990
Athletes in Antiquity: Works from the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (February 1 to April 15, 2002)
  • Utah Museum of Fine Arts (Salt Lake City), February 1 to April 15, 2002

Klein, Robert. Early Attic Red Figure Psykters: Their Use and Painted Themes (unpublished senior essay). New Haven: Yale University, 1986, pp. 32 ff., figs. 45-32.

Euphronios. Peintre a Athenes au VIe siecle avant J.-C. (1990), pp. 234-37, cat. no. 60, ill.

Capolavori di Euphronios. Exh. cat., Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Arezzo, May 26-July 31, 1990, pp. 192-93, no. 43.

Immerwahr, Henry. Attic Script: A Survey. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), p. 69, 73, no. 407.

Goemann, E., ed. Euphronios der Maler. Staatliche Museen Preussicher Kulturbesitz, Berlin, exh. cat. Milan: 1991, pp. 250-53, no. 60, ill.

Theodorou, J., "The Vase Paintings of Euphronios", Minerva 2, 2 (1991), pp. 6-9, p. 9, ill.

Robertson, Martin. The Art of Vase Painting in Classical Athens. Cambridge: 1992, p. 26-7.

Williams, Dyfri. "Euphronios' Contemporary Companions and Followers." Euphronios Peintre (M. Denoyelle, ed.). Paris: 1992. pp. 79-95, p. 87.

Dierichs, Angelika. Erotik in der Kunst Griechenlands. Zaberns Bildbaende zur Archaeologie, vol. 9. (Mainz: von Zabern, 1993, p. 124; figs. 219a-d.

Frel, Jirí. "Euphronios and His Fellows." Ancient Greek Art and Iconography (W. G. Moon, ed.). Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983. pp. 147-158, pp. 147-51; figs. 10.2-10.6.

Kilmer, Martin. "In Search of the Wild Kalos-Name," Echos du Monde Classique/Classical Views XXXVII, n.s. 12 (1993), pp. 173-199, p. 187 ff., pls. III-V.

Percy III, WIlliam Armstrong. Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece. Chicago and Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996, fig. 14.

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Steiner, Deborah. "Moving Images in Fifth-Century Victory Monuments and the Athlete's Allure," Classical Antiquity 17,1 (April 1998), pp. 123-149, p. 130; fig. 2.

Schreiber, Toby. Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1999), pl. XX; figs. 26.1-26.3, 26.5.

Shapiro, H.A. "Leagros and Euphronios: Painting Pederasty in Athens" in Thomas. K. Hubbard (ed). Greek Love Reconsidered (Wallace Hamilton Press: New York, 2000), pp. 25-27, figs. 13-14.

Boardman, John. The History of Greek Vases (London: Thames and Hudson, 2001), p. 149; fig. 179.

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Grossman, Janet Burnett. Athletes in Antiquity: Works from the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum, exh. cat. (Salt Lake City, UT: Utah Museum of Fine Arts, 2002), pp. 22-23, no. 17.

Neer, Richard T. Style and Politics in Athenian Vase-Painting: The Craft of Democracy, ca 530-460 B.C.E. (Cambridge: 2002), pp. 100-1, fig. 46.

Shapiro, H.A. "Leagros the Satyr." In Clemente Marconi (ed.) Greek Vases. Images, Contexts and Controversies. (Brill: Leiden, Boston, 2004), p.4, no. 10.

Lear, Andrew and Cantarella, Eva. Images of Ancient Greek Pederasty. Boys were their Gods. Routledge, New York, 2008, p. 168-70, fig. 5.3.

Athanassaki, Lucia, Richard P. Martin, and John F. Miller, eds. Apolline Politics & Poetics (Athens: European Cultural Center of Delphi, 2009), p. 629, fig. 4.

Guy Hedreen, "Iambic Caricature and Self-Representation as a Model for Understanding Internal References among Red-Figure Vase-Painters and Potters of the Pioneer Group", in Yatromanolakis, D. (ed.), An Archaeology of Representations. Ancient Greek Vase-Painting and Contemporary Methodologies (Institut du Livre-A.Kardamitsa: Athens, 2009), 200-239, p. 212-13, fig. 3.

Hedreen, Guy. "Smikros and Epilykos: Two Comic Inventions in Athenian Vase-Painting." In Athenian Potters and Painters III. John. H. Oakley, ed. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2014, p.53, 55.

Lee, Mireille M. Body, Dress, and Identity in Ancient Greece (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), p. 197, fig. 6.9.

Hedreen, Guy. "Smikros: Fictional Portrait of an Artist as a Symposiast by Euphronios."In The Cup of Song: Studies on Poetry and the Symposion. Vanessa Cazzato, Dirk Obbink, and Enrico Emanuele Prodi, eds.(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), p.113-39, p. 137-8; plate 4.

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