The Darius Painter is the name of an artist who decorated pottery using the red-figure technique in Apulia in southern Italy in the late 300s B.C. As with most vase-painters, the real name of the Darius Painter is unknown, and he is identified only by the stylistic traits of his work. He is named for a vase in Naples that depicts Darius, a Persian king.
The Darius Painter was one of the first to decorate very large vases, sometimes over three feet in height. He was also one of the most successful painters in exploiting the new compositional possibilities presented by these large vases. The Darius Painter depicted myths and episodes from stories not usually portrayed in vase-painting. His choice of subjects, elaborate compositions, and style were influenced by what he saw in contemporary theatrical productions.