|Dates||1521 - 1583|
Marco di Giovan Battista (known as Marco Pino after his father’s native village of Costalpino) was born in Siena in 1521. It was there, in about 1536-1537, that Pino began his apprenticeship in the workshop of Domenico Beccafumi (1484-1551), the leading artist in the city. Alongside his master, he worked on major projects, such as the frescoes depicting the Assumption of the Virgin for the main chapel of the Duomo of Siena. In his early twenties, Pino moved to Rome and was soon charged with some of the most high-profile commissions in the capital, including decorations for Palazzo Farnese and the Sala Paolina in Castel Sant’Angelo. These experiences allowed Pino to study the works of Raphael and Michelangelo closely, and to learn from and collaborate with leading artists of the day, notably Perino del Vaga (1501-1547) and Daniele da Volterra (1509-1566). Around 1552, Pino moved to Naples in an attempt to distinguish his own name, clientele, and workshop. While his Roman years had been characterized by large collaborative projects consisting mainly of frescoes, in Naples Pino specialized in the production of altarpieces. Between 1568 and 1570, he returned for a brief period to Rome before eventually moving back to Naples, where he ran his own prolific studio until his death in 1583. Pino dominated and reshaped the Neapolitan artistic scene for over thirty years, leaving an important legacy that was continued by his many international students. From Siena to Rome and Naples, exposure to different environments and artistic experiences allowed Pino to develop a unique style. While adhering to the normative requirements of the Counter Reformation climate, Pino managed to create original, energetic, and expressive compositions, which had the ability to move and capture the viewer.