Adriaen van de Velde

Dates1636 - 1672
BornAmsterdam, The Netherlands
DiedAmsterdam, The Netherlands

Adriaen van de Velde first studied with his father Willem van de Velde the Elder, then trained with a landscapist in Haarlem. He produced his first known works, six etchings, in 1653 and had returned to Amsterdam by 1657. Van de Velde's varied body of paintings, drawings, and prints is comprised primarily of small landscapes in sparkling light softened by the haze of the nearby sea, with people and animals playing an important part. He often added staffage to other artists' landscapes. Like Paulus Potter, van de Velde preferred cattle scenes. Potter's tight, precise technique and hard, cool sunlight also influenced van de Velde's early pictures. His regular system of drawing before painting often included sketching cattle in the fields and figures from life in the studio; the increased prominence he gave to figures and animals required this more observational method. Responding to works by Italianate painters Karel Dujardin and Nicolaes Berchem around 1658, van de Velde began to use warmer hues and a softer, a more yellow sunshine.