Fra Angelico (Guido di Pietro, Fra Giovanni da Fiesole)
|Dates||about 1395/1400 - 1455|
"The man who occupies himself with the things of Christ should live with Christ," said Fra Angelico, according to biographer Giorgio Vasari. When he became a Dominican monk around 1417, Giovanni da Fiesole was already a working artist. His style earned him the nickname "angelic," and the Dominican order gave him the standard honorarium Fra (brother). At the time of his death, Fra Angelico was one of Italy's most famous painters. He made only religious works, and it is said he never took up his brushes without first saying a prayer. Nothing is known of his training.
When Masaccio died in 1428, Fra Angelico was one of few painters who understood his innovations in naturalism, narrative power, and vanishing point perspective. Fra Angelico practiced Masaccio's ideas such as using realistic light to create solid, heroic forms. Fra Angelico's Descent from the Cross, painted around 1434, is one of the first successful Italian attempts to set a group of figures into a harmoniously receding landscape. Around 1443 Fra Angelico and his assistants created fifty frescoes for their new monastery of San Marco in Florence, now a museum of his work. His simple and clean style, served to instruct or encourage contemplation. He died in Rome while painting for the pope.