Among the artists working in Paris from about 1450 to 1485, the Coëtivy Master was one of the most important. Whereas his contemporaries such as Maître François and the Chief Associate of the Bedford Master worked exclusively as manuscriptilluminators, the Coëtivy Master painted in a variety of formats. Working for members of the royal family and court, he painted on wooden panels, designed stained-glass windows and tapestries, and illuminated manuscripts, of which more than thirty survive. He painted books of many different types, ranging from devotional manuscripts such as books of hours to secular works such as the Ancient History up to Caesar,Dante'sDivine Comedy, Augustine's City of God, and at least five copies of Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy.
Although his precise origins and given name are unknown today, technical and stylistic similarities to artists active in the north of France suggest that the Coëtivy Master came from that area, perhaps Amiens. His name today derives from that of his patrons, Olivier de Coëtivy and his wife, the daughter of the French king Charles VII.