The Briseis Painter decorated painted pottery using the red-figure technique in Athens during the period of about 490 to 470 B.C. As with most Greek vase-painters, his real name is unknown, and he is identified only by the stylistic traits of his work. The Briseis Painter takes his name from a vase now in London that depicts a moment from the legend of the Trojan War: Agamemnon taking the slave girl Briseis away from the hero Achilles, as described in the opening scene of Homer's Iliad.
The Briseis Painter is one of several vase-painters who learned his trade in the workshop of the Brygos Painter, one of the most influential Athenian vase-painters of this period . The Briseis Painter specialized in the decoration of cups, although he also painted some large vessels.