Vincent Raymond was one of the most important illuminators at the papal court during the 1500s, and the only one who was given an official status. He was probably born in Lodève in Languedoc (France), but by 1535 he was working in Rome. He is the only illuminator to be mentioned in Vatican records from 1535 to 1549, the year he was named papal illuminator by Paul III (the only illuminator ever to have held this post). His other patrons included Leo X and Clement VII. Raymond's art has close connections with the most famous and fashionable Roman painting in large scale of the period, especially that of Michelangelo.