Working in Athens in the period from about 460 to 440 B.C., the Euaion Painter decorated vases in the red-figure technique. A student of the great vase-painter Douris, the Euaion Painter continued the master's workshop into the next generation. The Euaion Painter was one of the principal cup producers of his time, but he also decorated other small vessels. In his favored scenes of athletes and revelers, he drew tall, thin, small-headed figures arranged on the vase with little overlapping.
As with most ancient artists, the real name of the Euaion Painter is unknown. He is identified only by the stylistic traits of his work. Scholars named him after a kalos inscription on a cup in the Museé du Louvre praising the beauty of the youth Euaion. Euaion was the son of Aeschylus, the greatest of the Athenian playwrights, and he seems to have been a favorite among the artists of the potters' quarter because several other painters also named him. Other sources identify Euaion as a tragikos, a term that can be used either for a tragic playwright or actor.