Sceaux Manufactory

Datesactive about 1748 - 1766
RolesArtist
NationalityFrench

The ceramic manufactory at Sceaux, outside of Paris, was founded initially as a faience factory about 1735 under the patronage of Anne-Louise Bénédicte, duchesse du Maine. In 1748 the original owner, Louis-François de Bey, went into partnership with Jacques Chapelle and began manufacturing soft-past porcelain. Chapelle, who had previously worked as a modeler at the Rue de Charenton manufactory, became co-owner and director of the new enterprise.

Shortly after Sceaux began making porcelain, royal regulations decreed that no manufactory other than the one at Vincennes was permitted to make painted and gilded porcelain. This forced Sceaux to concentrate on the production of faience until 1766, when the royal decree expired. Naturalistic flowers, leaves, landscapes, birds, putti, and pastoral scenes in the style of François Boucher characterized the faience decoration of this period. Among the wares produced at the factory were dinner services, potpourris, and flower vases. The company also made figures, which were closely modeled after those produced at the neighboring Sèvres porcelain manufactory.

In 1763 Chapelle retired as director and sold the manufactory in 1772. It continued to operate until 1810 but in its last years produced only common household ceramic objects.