Master of Jean Rolin II (Hand B)

Datesactive Paris, France last third of 14th century

The anonymous artist known as the Master of Jean Rolin II worked in Paris as an illuminator of books for aristocratic patrons, including members of the court of Charles VII. He is named for illuminations in numerous manuscripts made for the cardinal-bishop of Autun, Jean Rolin II. As is often true of medieval artistic styles, several artists may have worked in the manner of the Master of Jean Rolin II. His work is associated with the increasingly specialized Parisian workshops of book production that developed in response to the growing commissions from the laity and the thriving University of Paris.

The artist probably learned his craft in Flanders, Paris, or Burgundy. From 1445 to 1465, he worked in Paris, collaborating with other anonymous artists on many books including the Hours of Simon de Varie. While his art reflects the interest in naturalism typical of northern European art of the 1400s, his figures remain slightly stiff and doll-like. In this quality and in facial types, the work of this master anticipated the style of the Maître François, the leading Parisian illuminator of the next generation.