Cenni di Francesco di ser Cenni's life is a mystery. In 1369 he was registered in Florence's Arte dei Medici e Speziali, and his only signed work is a fresco of 1410 from a church in Volterra, Italy. By examining dated artworks with similar characteristics, however, scholars have pieced together his probable career. His body of work seems to have been quite large, and he worked for some of the most powerful families and institutions in Florence. Cenni's use of golden backgrounds, flattened space, and elongated figures with elegant features exemplifies the International Gothic style in Florence. Cenni's gothicizing concept of form and lively colors may have been influenced by experience as a manuscript illuminator.