Before joining the Vincennes Porcelain Manufactory, Antoine Caton painted in oils. He began as a flower painter at Vincennes and rose to become head of the painters workshop when the manufactory moved to Sèvres. At first, he only painted flowers and cherubs, but eventually he was allowed to produce an increasingly wide range of subjects, including mythological, historical, and military scenes--even a picture of George Washington.
The factory archives note that in 1755 Caton was "five feet, two inches high, thin, but with a good physique, blue eyes, with blonde hair." He married another flower painter, and one of their sons also worked for Sèvres.