Henri Lehmann (Karl-Ernest-Rodolphe-Heinrich Salem Lehmann)

Dates1814 - 1882
BornKiel, Germany
DiedParis, France

Henri Lehmann's painter father first trained him, but the time he spent in Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres's studio in the 1830s formed the basis for his long and honored career. He remained an ardent classicist in the manner of Ingres.

Beginning in 1835, Lehmann exhibited regularly at the Salon, winning first-class medals in 1840, 1848, and 1855. Renowned for his graceful portraits, he depicted many of his era's leaders, such as writers and composers. He also received numerous commissions for large-scale compositions, including decorations for the city hall of Paris in 1852, which were destroyed in 1871. Lehmann became head of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1861. He was a master there from 1875, with Camille Pissarro and Georges Seurat among his students--both of whom found his conservative regimen unappealing. Lehmann often collaborated with Ingres and visited him twice in Italy. From there he wrote home in 1840 about his contribution to one of Ingres's paintings of 1842: "I'm also working for Monsieur Ingres, which you mustn't tell anyone, for he intends to pass off what I do as his own, after retouching it, of course. . . ."

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